Hugues "Capet" King Of France 1
- Born: Abt 939, Of, Paris, Isle DE France
- Marriage: Adbelahide Princess Of Aquitaine 968
- Died: 24 Oct 996, Of, Paris, Isle DE France, about age 57
- Buried: Abbaye DE St Denis, Isle DE France, France
Ancestral File Number: 9G85-M2.
Hugh Capet[kA'pit, kap'it] Pronunciation Key </pronkey.html>
Hugh Capet , c. 938–996, king of France (987–96), first of the Capetians </ce6/history/A0810295.html>. He was the son of Hugh the Great </ce6/people/A0824466.html>, to whose vast territories he succeeded in 956. After the death of Louis V, last Carolingian king of France, the nobles and prelates elected him king, setting aside the last Carolingian claimant, Charles I </ce6/people/A0811465.html> of Lower Lorraine. In order to secure the succession, Hugh took as his associate his son Robert (later King Robert II); he gave away much of his land to secure the dynasty. He spent much of his reign fighting Charles and later became involved in a controversy with the papacy—unsettled at his death—over deposition of the Carolingian archbishop of Reims.
Capetians[kupE'shunz] Pronunciation Key </pronkey.html>
Capetians , royal house of France that ruled continuously from 987 to 1328; it takes its name from Hugh Capet </ce6/people/A0824453.html>. Related branches of the family (see Valois </ce6/history/A0850388.html>; Bourbon </ce6/history/A0808516.html>) ruled France until the final deposition of the monarchy in the 19th cent. The first historical ancestor was Robert the Strong </ce6/people/A0842095.html>, count of Anjou and of Blois. His son, Eudes </ce6/people/A0817820.html>, count of Paris, was elected (888) king after the deposition of the Carolingian king Charles III (Charles the Fat). From 893 to 987 the crown passed back and forth between Carolingians </ce6/history/A0810538.html> and descendants of Robert the Strong. Eudes's brother, Robert I </ce6/people/A0842058.html>, was chosen king in 922 but died in 923. The title, waived by his son, Hugh the Great </ce6/people/A0824466.html>, passed to Robert's son-in-law, Raoul </ce6/people/A0841142.html>, duke of Burgundy. In 987, Hugh's son, Hugh Capet, became king. His direct descendants remained on the throne until the death (1328) of Charles IV, when it passed to the related house of Valois. The successors of Hugh Capet were Robert II, Henry I, Philip I, Louis VI, Louis VII, Philip II, Louis VIII, Louis IX, Philip III, Philip IV, Louis X, John I, Philip V, and Charles IV. Their reign marked the expansion of royal authority, the revival of towns and commerce, and the beginning of the modern French state.
See R. Fawtier, The Capetian Kings of France (1941, tr. 1960); A. Lewis, Royal Succession in Capetian France (1982); R. McKitterick, The Frankish Kingdoms under the Carolingians (1983); J. Dunbabin, France in the Making, 843–1180 (1985).
Hugues married Adbelahide Princess Of Aquitaine in 968. (Adbelahide Princess Of Aquitaine was born about 952 in Of, , , Germany and died in 1004.)